Botanic Garden and Bukit Timah Nature Reserve in Singapore
Located at the fringe of the Singapore’s amin shopping belt, the Singapore Botanic Gardens is a old tropical garden with the age of 156. Being one of three gardens, but it is only the tropical garden to be honored as a UNESCO world heritage site. Since 2013, The Botanic Garden has been presented in the top list of Asian’s park attraction according to Tripadvisor Travelers’ Choice Awards. It was declared the Garden of the Year, International Garden Tourism Awards in 2012 and received Michelin’s three-star rating in 2008.
In 1859, an agri – horticultural society found the presence of the Botanic Garden. Until the first scientific director named Henry Nicholas Ridley of the Botanic Garden made research into the plant’s cultivation. The Botanic Garden takes the important role in the regional trade boom in the early twentieth century. By perfecting the technique of rubber extraction, still in use today, and promoting its economic value to planters in the region, rubber output expanded rapidly
By perfecting the technique of rubber extraction, still in use today, and promoting its economic value to planters in the region, rubber output expanded rapidly. At its height in the 1920s, the Malayan peninsula cornered half of the global latex production.
Located on the slopes of Bulkit Timah Hill, the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve is a small nature reserve with 1.64 square kilometer (400 acre) near the geography centre of the city – state of Singapore. Bukit Timah Hill is the Singapore’s highest hill. It stand at a height of 163,63 meters and parts of surrounding area. From Singapore’s central business district called Downtown Core, the nature reserve is above 12 kilometers.
Regardless of a small size, it is still one of the most productive pieces of nature. Alfred Russel Wallace also assesses it highly. Together with Central Catchment Nature, which is nearby, the Botanic Garden is home for 840 species of flowering plants and over 500 species of flauna. Today, it is the largest patches of primary rainforest left in Singapore. The forest reserve was formally declared as an ASEAN Heritage Park on 18 October 2011.